Almost every house in a community has a backyard. But most backyards are left barren. Only a few are planted with plants that bear fruits and vegetables like eggplants, okra, string beans, cassava, radish and sweet potato. A backyard that is quite small for a garden can be used for raising poultry for food and for additional income too.
A backyard can provide facilities for a flock of chicken. A poultry-man can start with about 40 to 60 chicks. These numbers allow for some losses from disease or accident and will supply enough eggs and some meat for a small family. While a large flock may become a source of income if there is a local demand for fresh eggs and meat.
Before deciding what poultry one is going to raise, one should first consult the community veterinarian if available and to some competent farm officials about the project. If family members will do the chores there will be no hired help may be needed too. And everyone should remember that animals must be fed for every day.
There are several breed chickens suitable for small farm flocks. If egg production is the main purpose, buy the white leghorn which is popular. But if you wanted the flocks to supply both eggs and meat, there is White Cornish good for meat as well as for eggs production. Chicks of good quality are usually available from local hatcheries and sometimes also sold in an open municipal market.
One way to start a flock is to buy day-old chicks. Yes. They are very young chicks that require a lot of care and must be kept in a heated breeder house. Of course, you may also prefer to buy older chicks that are well started and are ready to lay. However,you should buy them from reputable hatcheries and breeders and be sure the chickens have been tested and are free from diseases. Now most commercial hatcheries have chicks separated by sex, so you can choose high breed chicks for egg production or for meat production.
Some poultry health measures and advice
Some drugs are effective in preventing specific diseases. As part of a good poultry management, you should need them. In addition, you should need to know some poultry health measures and advice such as:
Sources of facts and other info: My old clippings and Wikipedia an on-line Encyclopedia
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