What to see and read in Front page of a newspaper? The front page of a newspaper caters the following:
- Local news – it is about news that takes place within the country.
- Foreign news – it is about news that takes place outside the country.
- Dateline news – it is an out-of-town news story. It is introduced by a dateline which states the place from which the story was reported, the date and the source of the material if not written by the local staff.
- Weather news – it is usually a boxed forecast of the area, sometimes about the temperature, wind directions and velocities and
- Index – it is a slugline indicating an important inside page story and the page where it is found.
- Nameplate – it is the engraved or printed name of the newspaper.
- Banner – it is the principal headline bearing the boldest and biggest type. It is the title of the most important news of the day called banner news. Others called it a streamer.
- Running head – it is a head made up of two or more lines.
- Headline – it is the title of any news story. It is used only for titles of news story.
- Deck – it is a subordinate headline placed immediately below its mother headline also known as bank or readout.
- Lead – it is the beginning of a news story. It may be a word, a group of words, a sentence or even a paragraph.
- News story – it is the whole story of an event composed of the lead and the text which is the elaboration of the lead.
- Columns – it is the horizontal division into parts of a newspaper.
- Column rule – it is the vertical lines that divides the page into columns called sunken rule.
- Fold – it is the imaginary horizontal line that divides the newspaper equally into two parts.
- Cut – it is a metal plate bearing a newspaper’s illustration also known as cliche.
- Cutline – it is the text accompanying photos and other art work, better known as caption. Overline if it is written above the photo.
- Credit line – it is a line giving the source of the story or illustration.
Other newspaper has Ears – the little boxes on either side of the nameplate, Byline – the signature of a reporter preceding a news feature, Box – news materials enclosed by line rules and Kicker – a tagline placed above but smaller than a headline, also known as teaser. Hammer if it is bigger than the headline.
- Folio – it consists of the page number, date of publication, and name of the newspaper usually written on top of the page but also found in the other pages.
- Masthead – it is the editorial box containing the logo, names of the staff members and position in the staff, subscription rate, the publisher and other pertinent data about the newspaper.
- Editorial proper – it is a commentary written by any of the editors who commits or gives the opinion of the staff or of the whole paper on various subjects. It is the stand of the newspaper also called Top editorial or Lead editorial.
- Editorial column – it is a personal opinion written by the columnist himself – it may attack, teach, entertain or appeal depending upon its purpose.
- Editorial cartoon – it is usually a caricature emphasizing a simple point. It is usually humorous – it has the function of the editorial.
- Editorial liner – it is a short statement or quoted sayings placed at the end of editorial columns or editorials to drive home some messages and
- Letter to the editor – it is a letter sent in by the reader giving his personal views on certain aspects.
What to see and read in Special features – the modern newspaper has some special features like Life and Leisure, Finance and business, Home and Culture, Reviews, Miscellaneous, Classified ads, Movie, TV and Radio guides and comic page and etc.
Facts and other information of this write-up are extracted from my old journal and old clippings when I took up my creative writing course with the Writers Bureau in Manchester, London by mail and also from my old notes when I took up my Journalism and Short Story Writing course with the ICS (International Correspondence School), Pennsylvania, USA by mail.